DCSMARTGREENS 2016 Abstracts


Short Papers
Paper Nr: 7
Title:

Generating Business Models for Digitalized Ecosystems - Service-oriented Business Modeling (SoBM) - A Structured Modeling Approach

Authors:

Andreas Pfeiffer

Abstract: For various industries, Lucas et al. (2013) have recently described how intensely organizations, industries, society and the economy are transforming through digital technology implementation in products, services and institutions. Research is asked to find answers to the question of how to identify digitization opportunities, risks and costs. Furthermore, the leverage of digitalization opportunities with regard to customer’s value in use, network perspectives, flexible remodeling of business operations and enlarging business model scope and scale needs to be addressed. Answers can only be found by respecting the distinct nature of digitality, which is a sound basis for generativity as well as evoking high complexity in product, services and network partnerships. The ongoing emobility as well as development of the smart home market can currently be seen as fields excellently demonstrating the enormous and creative potential of digital transformation. This makes it an ideal field of investigation to find answers to the proposed research questions. Taking the requirements of digitalization into account, the paper presents an approach for business model development evolved and tested in the field of emobility and smart homes. This approach is based on the principles of Service-Oriented Architectures (SOA) in combination with ideas of well-proven business modeling methods.

Paper Nr: 8
Title:

Supporting the Standardization Process of Smart City Systems

Authors:

Marion Gottschalk

Abstract: The continuous development in information and communication technologies (ICT) and the resulting research area Internet of Things (IoT) enable the connection of more and more hardware and software systems. IoT describes a global infrastructure for the information society to enable interconnecting physical and virtual things based on existing and evolving ICT. Regarding the development of smart cities that constitutes a system of systems concept using ICT, a defined, or, better still, a standardized way to define and to link various systems is necessary. Smart cities are innovative cities that use ICT to make urban operations and services more efficient for improving the quality of life. Smart cities are difficult to realize because they are complex based on their system of systems concept. It starts with the specification process. Each smart city system has many requirements – functional and non-functional requirements – which have to be matched with each other and have to be complemented with further requirements to connect systems – interface requirements. For supporting the requirements specification process, the IEC adapts the use case methodology to offer a standardized template for describing all functional requirements of a complex systems in the same way and for detecting standardization gaps (IEC 62559-2). On the basis of these requirements, complex systems are implemented. If errors are occurred or rather detected during the implementation process of smart cities, it can be very time consuming and expensive to correct these errors. Thus, it is important and sensible to invest time and money in the specification process of future smart cities to get consistent requirements and to prevent errors. Aim of the PhD project is to create and to evaluate an approach to support the standardization and the management of requirements for complex systems by automated consistency checks.

Paper Nr: 10
Title:

Multidimensional Relation of Urban Dwellers and Green Spaces

Authors:

Gyula Kothencz

Abstract: Green spaces have a positive impact on the daily life of urban communities; however numerous aspects of the relation between humans and urban green spaces are not widely understood. This PhD thesis is concerned with this ambiguous relationship and focuses on three of its aspects. First, the thesis explores the relationship between humans’ subjective evaluations on urban green spaces and objective, spatially explicit indicators of the same green spaces. Secondly, the work complements green space users’ perception of services supplied by green spaces, with crowd-sourced data on actual community usage. Finally, the spatial relation between the geographic distribution of demographic groups of urban population with high green space demand and the distribution of urban biomass with the highest societal use value is identified. The expected outcome of the thesis is an improved knowledge on the multidimensional relation between urban dwellers and green spaces.