OCommSmartgreens 2016 Abstracts

Paper Nr: 1

A Bi-disciplinary Approach to Design Technology Solutions for Sustainable Smartcities


Amélie Coulbaut-Lazzarini and Dominique Barth

Abstract: Any scenario of introduction of new systems for urban sites of the future will have to take into account citizens, policy makers and data they can exploit, city infrastructures and their management, territory constraints and resources. Thus, the design of these scenarios require skills and scientific expertise as in "Sciences and Technologies of Information and Communication (ICT)" and in "Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS)". Indeed, it is essential to understand the social geography of cities and their occupants depending on various criteria (territories and anchoring forms of local trajectories and identities, roles, shapes and sense of places, uses, population behaviour, perceptions and representations). This will allow to understand and take into account in developed models the needs and aspirations of citizens (which may be useful to establish a typology to take into account the diversities) and to assess, or increase their ability and willingness to be involved in this development, therefore to be able to identify the most appropriate scenarios. Technology and IT applications offered must incorporate two cross-cutting concerns, namely on the one hand the protection of privacy and respect for cultural differences, and secondly the impact on health and the wellbeing of the people, with a real environmental concern in the development of urban sites. The purpose here is to design and implement a scientific project combining these different disciplines of ICT (in particular computer sciences) and HSS with a goal of scientific interaction in three ways: - Understanding and modelling the behaviour, habits and uses of the populations concerned, in their diversity, which also implies the ability to fully exploit a large number of heterogeneous data. - Co-design scenarios of urban sites of the future: new paradigms and new systems, appropriation by the inhabitants, anticipating sociological changes consequences of technological developments. - Analysis of targets, performances and the impact of technological social and territorial solutions proposed and deployed (even partially). To achieve this goal, DAVID laboratory identified a non-restrictive set of first research topics that could lead to multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches: • New design of urban eco-mobility: link between means and use of mobility, sociology, planning, territory and environment. • New infrastructure (transport, energy, telecommunications) and new uses, with a goal of energy consumption and environmental impact’s management without sacrificing the service provided. • Monitoring of the city and governance. • Citizens actors in their city, particularly for environment and ownership of heritage in their cultural and social diversity, • New plant in the city and new professional behaviours, especially in the context of the additive design and the use of digital technology.